Darwinism arose within a scientific community that knew very little of biochemistry and imagined the cell to be something rather simple that could ooze itself up and out of some supposed primordial soup. Molecular biologist Michael Behe says this just isn’t so. He says molecular mechanisms are “irreducibly complex.” What this means is that they are made up of many parts that interact in complex ways, and all the parts need to work together. Therefore, any single part has no useful function unless all the other parts are also present. (For a simple non-biological example of this complexity, consider the mousetrap pictured below, for to remove but one of its parts would prevent it from doing that for which it was designed.) This means there is no pathway of functional intermediate stages by which a Darwinian process could build such a system step by tiny step. Up to now, Evolutionary biologists have been able to pretend to know how complex biological systems originated, only because they treated them as black boxes. Now that biochemists have actually opened the black boxes and seen what is inside, they know Darwinian theory is just a figment of the imagination and not a viable scientific explanation.